1. COVID-19 vaccination for children is safe.

Before recommending COVID-19 vaccination for children, scientists conducted clinical trials. Then, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective, and authorized it for emergency use in children.

Ongoing safety monitoring shows that COVID-19 vaccination continues to be safe for children and that the benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the known and potential risks.

Learn more about the safety of COVID-19 vaccination for children

Tips for parents and Caregivers:

  • Before vaccination, tell the vaccine provider about any allergies your child may have—just like what you would do when your child receives their routine vaccines.
  • Requesting accommodations at COVID-19 vaccination sites: When making an appointment or arriving for vaccination, you can let staff and/or volunteers know your child might need some accommodations. By law, children are also allowed to have a service animal accompany them. Learn more about COVID-19 Vaccination for Children and Teens with Disabilities.

2. Getting vaccinated can help protect children against COVID-19.

Vaccinating children can:

Tips for Parents and Caregivers:

3. Children may have some side effects after COVID-19 vaccination.

Reported side effects are like those experienced after routine vaccines. Side effects may affect your child’s ability to do daily activities, but they should go away within a few days. Side effects are more common after the second shot. Some children have no side effects.

Learn more about potential side effects in children after COVID-19 vaccination.

4. A different dosage of the COVID-19 vaccine is given to children.

The COVID-19 vaccine for children has the same active ingredients active ingredients as the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine given to people ages 12 years and older. However, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for teens and adults cannot be given to children ages 6 months through 11 years. The Moderna vaccine authorized for children ages 6 months through 5 years is given at a lower dosage than the vaccine authorized for those ages 6 years and older.

The Moderna vaccine authorized for children ages 6 months through 5 years is given at a lower dosage than the vaccine authorized for those ages 6 years and older.

Children receive a smaller dose of COVID-19 vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine dosage is based on age on the day of vaccination, not by patient weight. This is also true for other routinely recommended vaccines, like hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines.

Learn more about COVID-19 vaccine dosage for children.

5. Children who have already had COVID-19 should still get vaccinated.

Emerging evidence indicates that people can get added protection by getting vaccinated after they have been infected with the virus that causes COVID-19.

If your child tests positive for COVID-19 after getting their first shot, they should wait until their isolation period has ended before getting their second shot. The second dose is recommended at least 3 weeks after the first dose. For children 12 years and older without a weakened immune system, the time between doses 1 and 2 can be up to 8 weeks.

6. Children can safely receive other vaccines the same day they receive their COVID-19 vaccine.

Routine vaccination is an important preventive care service that should not be delayed.

If multiple vaccines are given at a single visit, each injection will be given in a different injection site, according to recommendations by age.